Separate Societies: Poverty and Inequality in U.S. Cities
By: Edward J. Blakely and William W. Goldsmith
Temple University Press (2010)
Focusing on the reality of separation — social segmentation, economic inequality, and geographic isolation — William Goldsmith and Edward Blakely examine the presence and persistence of urban poverty, the transformation of national industry into a global economy, and the dilemmas of local reform. They document the appalling conditions of poor and minority people in central cities, examining those conditions in relation to inequalities in the national distributions of income and wealth. They analyze the connections between the structure and movement of the new global economy and the problems of the poorest Americans. They demonstrate how globalized markets and production arrangements have worsened the opportunities facing most American cities and workers. Noting that neither economic growth nor public subsidy has solved the problems of the poor, Goldsmith and Blakely propose that the very separation that exacerbates poverty be used to motivate restructuring.
Materials and Meaning in Contemporary Japanese Architecture
By: Dana Buntrock
Dana Buntrock began her studies of Japanese architecture more than twenty years ago, her first visit a month-long trip that took her to tiny corners of the country to see avant-garde and out-of-the-way works. Her more recent research trips still range in remote pockets of the country, now renting cars, carrying a complex array of cameras and seeking out craftsmen who carry on age-old traditions. The architecture she sees is still often avant-garde, but today there are other approaches evident as well, ones more concerned with underscoring the uniqueness of these remote regions. Buntrock’s first book, Japanese Architecture as a Collaborative Process: Opportunities in a Flexible Construction Culture (E&FN Spon, 2001) looked at professional practice and what it said about a nation’s culture. Her second, Materials and Meaning in Contemporary Japanese Architecture (Routledge, 2010), is concerned with the art and craft of architecture, and how these are used to reflect the particularities of places.
Espacio, segregación y arte urbano en el Brasil
By: Teresa Caldeira, trans. Claudia A. Malmierca de Solans
Katz editores (2010)
"Walls, fences, fortified enclaves, graffiti and pichações set a certain kind of public space in which the signs of inequality and social tension are unmistakable. The abandonment of public spaces in favor of private and protected spaces coexist with transgressive gestures of the public, expressing social inequality. In this context, social tensions and inequalities are not expressed and negotiated in conventional political language." (translated from Spanish)
Cold War on the Home Front: The Soft Power of Midcentury Design
By: Greg Castillo
University of Minnesota Press (2010)
Amid a display of sunshine-yellow electric appliances in a model home at the 1959 American National Exhibition in Moscow, Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev and U.S. Vice President Richard Nixon squared off on the merits of their respective economic systems. One of the signature events of the cold war, the impromptu Kitchen Debate has been widely viewed as the opening skirmish in a propaganda war over which superpower could provide a better standard of living for its citizens. However, as Greg Castillo shows in Cold War on the Home Front, this debate and the American National Exhibition itself were, in fact, the culmination of a decade-long ideological battle fought with refrigerators, televisions, living room suites, and prefab homes.
Regional Resilience in the Face of Foreclosures Evidence from Six Metropolitan Areas
By: Karen Chapple, Todd Swanstrom, and Daniel Immergluck
University of California, Institute of Urban and Regional Development (2010)
Based on approximately fifty interviews, along with analysis of data and newspaper coverage, this report compares local responses to surging foreclosures in three pairs of regions with similar housing markets and foreclosure-related challenges (St. Louis/Cleveland, East Bay/Riverside, and Chicago/Atlanta). The authors examine the choices made by leaders and organizations both to prevent foreclosures and to reduce their negative spillovers (neighborhood stabilization). Resilience is defined as the ability to alter organizational routines, garner additional resources, and collaborate within and between the public, private, and nonprofit sectors to address the foreclosure challenge. The research shows that resilience in the face of foreclosures varied significantly across and within metropolitan areas.
The End of Influence: What Happens When Other Countries Have the Money
By: Stephen Cohen and J. Bradford DeLong
Basic Books (2010)
At the end of World War II, the United States had all the money — and all the power. Now, America finds itself cash poor, and to a great extent power follows money. In The End of Influence, renowned economic analysts Stephen S. Cohen and J. Bradford DeLong explore the grave consequences this loss will have for America’s place in the world. America, Cohen and DeLong argue, will no longer be the world’s hyperpower. It will no longer wield soft cultural power or dictate a monolithic foreign policy. More damaging, though, is the blow to the world’s ability to innovate economically, financially, and politically. Cohen and DeLong also explore American’s complicated relationship with China, the misunderstood role of sovereign wealth funds, and the return of state-led capitalism.
Planning with Complexity, An Introduction to Collaborative Rationality for Public Policy
By: Judith Innes and David E. Booher
Analyzing emerging practices of collaboration in planning and public policy to overcome the challenges of complexity, fragmentation, and uncertainty, the authors present a new theory of collaborative rationality to help make sense of the new practices. They inquire in detail into how collaborative rationality works, the theories that inform it, and the potential and pitfalls for democracy in the 21st century. Representing the authors’ collective experience based on over 30 years of research and practice, this is insightful reading for students, educators, scholars, and reflective practitioners in the fields of urban planning, public policy, political science and public administration.
City Building: Nine Planning Principles for the Twenty-First Century
By: John L. Kriken, Philip Enquist, and Richard Rapaport
Princeton Architectural Press (2010)
In the twenty-first century the design of cities is more important than it has ever been. Far from being the cause of contemporary problems, cities can offer solutions to many of today's most serious concerns. Good city building counters the sprawl of suburbia with concentrated land use, replaces globalized design with regionally appropriate building types, contains infrastructure to a small footprint, and otherwise allows for livable, desirable communities. John Kriken of the award-winning planning firm Skidmore, Owings & Merrill has been at the forefront of urban planning for over forty years, and he brings both his wealth of experience and his great optimism for the future to City Building. In writing that both experienced designers and typical city-dwellers will enjoy, he illustrates a means for comprehensive problem solving rather than symptom-based problem solving.
Iona Dreaming: The Healing Power of Place
By: Clare Cooper Marcus
Nicolas Hays Press (2010)
A journey of healing takes Clare Cooper Marcus on a six-month-long solitary retreat to the remote Scottish Island of Iona. Here she experiences a mirroring of her soul and reflects and reviews the life that brought her here to this magical place. Her compelling memoir Iona Dreaming is an inspirational account of personal survival and hope in which Marcus shares her recovery from a life-threatening illness, which deepens into a contemplation of the events in her life and her physical, emotional, and spiritual healing. Marcus brings both a personal and academic life-long interface with place, environment, and people. Iona Dreaming will reach out to a broad audience: people entering retirement, dealing with serious illnesses, gardeners, lovers of nature, architects and landscape architects, people who are becoming more heath conscious, women who have shared the social and cultural shifts she lived through — especially those coming of age in the 1960s — and all those who seek a more authentic life.
Design Informed: Driving Innovation with Evidence-Based Design
By: W. Mike Martin, Gordon Chong, and Robert M. Brandt
This practical, accessible book — for design professionals and students alike — is about design excellence and how to achieve it. The authors propose an evidence-based design approach that builds on design ingenuity with the use of research in ways that enhance opportunities to innovate. They show the power of research data to both reveal new design opportunities and convince stakeholders of the value of extraordinary work. A guide for all designers who want to earn their place as their clients' trusted advisor and who aspire to create places of beauty and purpose.
The Universe of Design, Horst Rittle’s Theories and Design and Planning
By: Jean-Pierre Protzen and David Harris
When people — alone or in groups — want to solve problems or improve their situation, they make plans. Horst Rittel studied this process of making plans and he developed theories — including his notion of "wicked problems" — that are used in many fields today. From product design, architecture, and planning — where Rittel’s work was originally developed — to governmental agencies, business schools, and software design, Rittel’s ideas are being used. This book collects previously unavailable work of Rittel’s within the framework of a discussion of his theories and philosophical influences.
Poverty Capital: Microfinance and the Making of Development
By: Ananya Roy
This is a book about poverty that does not study the poor and the powerless. Instead, it studies those who manage poverty. It sheds light on how powerful institutions control "capital," or circuits of profit and investment, as well as "truth," or authoritative knowledge about poverty. Such dominant practices are challenged by alternative paradigms of development, and the book details these as well. Using the case of microfinance, the book participates in a set of fierce debates about development — from the role of markets to the secrets of successful pro-poor institutions. Based on many years of research in Washington D.C., Bangladesh, and the Middle East, Poverty Capital also grows out of the author's undergraduate teaching to thousands of students on the subject of global poverty and inequality.
Illustrated History of Landscape Design
By: Charles H. (Chip) Sullivan and Elizabeth Boults
For thousands of years, people have altered the meaning of space by reshaping nature. As an art form, these architectural landscape creations are stamped with societal imprints unique to their environment and place in time. Illustrated History of Landscape Design takes an optical sweep of the iconic landscapes constructed throughout the ages. Organized by century and geographic region, this highly visual reference uses hundreds of masterful pen-and-ink drawings to show how historical context and cultural connections can illuminate today's design possibilities.
By: Manuel Castells
Oxford University Press (2009)
We live in the midst of a revolution in communication technologies that affects the way in which people feel, think, and behave. The mass media (including web-based media), Manuel Castells argues, has become the space where political and business power strategies are played out; power now lies in the hands of those who understand or control communication. In this book, Castells explores the nature of power itself, in the new communications environment. His vision encompasses business, media, neuroscience, technology, and, above all, politics. His case histories include global media deregulation, the misinformation that surrounded the invasion of Iraq, environmental movements, the role of the internet in the Obama presidential campaign, and media control in Russia and China.
Toward A Healthy City: People, Places, and the Politics of Urban Planning
By: Jason Corburn
MIT Press (2009)
To show healthy city planning in action, Corburn examines collaborations between government agencies and community coalitions in the San Francisco Bay area, including efforts to link environmental justice, residents' chronic illnesses, housing, and real estate development projects, and planning processes with public health. Initiatives like these, Corburn points out, go well beyond recent attempts by urban planners to promote public health by changing the design of cities to encourage physical activity. Corburn argues for a broader conception of healthy urban governance that addresses the root causes of health inequities.
By: Margaret Crawford, John Chase, and John Kaliski
First published in 1999, Everyday Urbanism has become a classic in the discussion of cities and real life. Within the context of history, theory, and practice of urban design, the essays explore the city as a social entity that must be responsive to daily routines and neighborhood concerns and offer both an analysis of and a method for working within the social and political urban framework.
This expanded edition builds on the original essays focusing on the urban vernacular in Los Angeles with new material on interventions in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and Hoogvliet, near Rotterdam in the Netherlands. Discussion of the Latino community in Los Angeles is expanded with a survey of Latino signage, big, bold signs painted right on the walls defying all the principles of graphic design. The evolution of the mall, from the mini-mall, for quick convenience shopping, to midi-mall and macro mall, destinations in themselves, to the minicity, complete with residential and entertainment amenities, is presented as a new challenge for planners.
Digital Fabrications: Architectural and Material Techniques
By: Lisa Iwamoto
Princeton Architectural Press (2009)
Digital Fabrications celebrates the design ingenuity made possible by digital fabrication techniques. Author Lisa Iwamoto explores the methods architects use to calibrate digital designs with physical forms. The book is organized according to five types of digital fabrication techniques: tessellating, sectioning, folding, contouring, and forming. Projects are shown both in their finished forms and in working drawings, templates, and prototypes, allowing the reader to watch the process of each fantastic construction unfold. Digital Fabrications presents projects designed and built by emerging practices that pioneer techniques and experiment with fabrication processes on a small scale with a do-it-yourself attitude.
The Practice of International Health: A Case-based Orientation
By: Ananya Roy and Daniel Perlman, eds.
Oxford University Press (2009)
Virtually every school of public health teaches a global health course, yet the major textbooks provide little on the actual practice of international health. This new book comprises a series of vivid first person accounts in which physicians, epidemiologists, health workers, and public health professionals from around the world present the critical dilemmas and challenges facing the field. Aimed primarily at medical and public health students and professionals, this book will be a much-needed addition to the existing literature. Related fields, such as development and urban studies, will find this book an engaging introduction to the core issues of international development. International health practitioners, national and local policymakers, foundations officers, and other related professionals will also find it an invaluable compendium.
194X: Architecture, Planning, and Consumer Culture on the American Home Front
By: Andrew Shanken
University of Minnesota Press (2009)
During the Second World War, American architecture was in a state of crisis. The rationing of building materials and restrictions on nonmilitary construction continued the privations that the profession had endured during the Great Depression. At the same time, the dramatic events of the 1930s and 1940s led many architects to believe that their profession — and society itself — would undergo a profound shift once the war ended, with private commissions giving way to centrally planned projects. The magazine Architectural Forum coined the term “194X” to encapsulate this wartime vision of postwar architecture and urbanism.
Spatial Recall: Memory in Architecture and Landscape
By: Marc Treib
Architecture and designed landscapes serve as grand mnemonic devices that record and transmit vital aspects of culture and history. Spatial Recall casts a broad net over the concept of memory and gives a variety of perspectives from twelve internationally noted scholars, practicing designers, and artists such as Juhani Pallasmaa, Adriaan Geuze, Susan Schwartzenberg, Georges Descombes, and Esther da Costa Meyer. Essays range from broad topics of message and audience to specific ones of landscape production. Beautifully illustrated, Spatial Recall is a comprehensive view of memory in the built environment, how we have read it in the past, and how we can create it in the future.