The Architecture of Landscape, 1940-1960
By: Marc Treib, Ed.
University of Pennsylvania Press (2002)
Following the end of World War II, the primary tasks for many countries were land clearance, reformation, and reconstruction, as well as the reestablishment of functioning infrastructures. These social and environmental concerns, with parallel developments in the fine arts, fostered many of the century's most consequential developments in landscape design and architecture, and set the course that we still follow to a large degree today.
City Requiem, Calcutta: Gender and the Politics of Poverty
By: Ananya Roy
University of Minnesota Press (2002)
Housing developments emerge amid the paddy fields on the fringes of Calcutta; overflowing trains carry peasant women to informal urban labor markets in a daily commute against hunger; land is settled and claimed in a complex choreography of squatting and evictions: such, Ananya Roy contends, are the distinctive spaces of a communism for the new millennium—where, at a moment of liberalization, the hegemony of poverty is quietly reproduced. An ethnography of urban development in Calcutta, Roy's book explores the dynamics of class and gender in the persistence of poverty.
Local and Global Networks of Immigrant Professionals in Silicon Valley
By: AnnaLee Saxenian, Yasuyuki Motoyama, and Xiaohong Quan
Public Policy Institute of California (2002)
Foreign-born entrepreneurs in Silicon Valley are becoming agents of global economic change, and their increased mobility is fueling the emergence of entrepreneurial networks in distant locations. In this report, AnnaLee Saxenian investigates this development by drawing on the first large-scale survey of foreign-born professionals in Silicon Valley. Focusing on first-generation Indian and Chinese immigrants, the report compares their participation in local and global networks both to one another and to that of native-born professionals. The results indicate that local institutions and social networks within ethnic communities are more important than national or individual characteristics in explaining entrepreneurial behavior.
The Boulevard Book: History, Evolution, Design of Multiway Boulevards
By: Allan B. Jacobs, Elizabeth MacDonald and Yodan Rofé
The MIT Press (2002)
First built in Europe and grandly imported to the United States in the mid-nineteenth century, the classic multiway boulevard has been in decline for many years, victim of a narrowly focused approach to street design that views unencumbered vehicular traffic flow as the highest priority. The American preoccupation with destination and speed has made multiway boulevards increasingly rare as artifacts of the urban landscape. This book reintroduces the boulevard, tree-lined and with separate realms for through traffic and for slow-paced vehicular-pedestrian movement, as an important and often crucial feature of both historic and contemporary cities.
Muslim Europe or Euro-Islam: Politics, Culture, and Citizenship in the Age of Globalization
By: Nezar AlSayyad
Lexington Books (2002)
Five centuries after the expulsion of Muslims and Jews from Spain, Europe is once again becoming a land of Islam. At the beginning of a new millennium, and in an era marked as one of globalization, Europe continues to wrestle with the issue of national identity, especially in the context of its Muslim citizens. Muslim Europe or Euro-Islam brings together distinguished scholars from Europe, the United States, and the Middle East in a dynamic discussion about the Muslim populations living in Europe and about Europe's role in framing Islam today.
Suburban Space: The Fabric of Dwelling
By: Renee Y. Chow
Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002
Renee Y. Chow offers an alternate vision to the conventional suburban housing that characterizes much of our domestic landscape. Her integrated, original approach to design sees the residential setting as a fabric of interrelated spaces that supports cultural diversity and change, promotes sharing in a setting, and sustains a more intense use of land. With its concise, informative text and abundant illustrations—including photographs and Chow's superbly executed drawings—Suburban Space challenges architects, landscape architects, developers, and planners to reconceptualize suburban housing.
Alvar Aalto: Between Humanism and Materialism. The Museum of Modern Art, New York
By: Pekka Korvenmaa, Juhani Pallasmaa, Marc Treib, Peter Reed, Kenneth Frampton, and Alvar Aalto (Contributor)
William Stout Publishers. (2002)
Of the indisputably great figures in 20th-century architecture, Alvar Aalto is in many ways the most humane, the least rigid, the most relevant to our contemporary sensibility and the emerging future. This sumptuous book offers a thorough study of an innovative and prolific master, whom Frank Lloyd Wright termed a genius. This fresh, penetrating examination of Aalto's work and influence includes essays by five notable critics and historians. Some 50 of Aalto's projects—houses, town halls, cultural institutions, factories, furniture and glass designs, and regional plans—from all periods of his extraordinarily productive career are illustrated and described, using much previously unpublished and newly photographic material. This book was published to accompany a 1998 retrospective exhibition at The Museum of Modern Art, New York.
Japanese Architecture as a Collaborative Process: Opportunities in a Flexible Construction Culture
By: Dana Buntrock
Taylor & Francis (2002)
Architects throughout the world hold Japan's best architecture in high regard, considering the country's buildings among the world's most carefully crafted and innovative. While many books, magazines, and exhibitions have focused on the results of architectural practice in Japan, this book is the first to explain the reasons for Japan's remarkable structures. Architecture does not occur in isolation; Japan's architects are able to collaborate with a wide variety of people from professional consultants to constructors.
Anderson Anderson: Architecture and Construction
By: Mark Anderson
Princeton Architectural Press (2001)
Brothers Mark and Peter Anderson have been building things together since their boyhood days in Tacoma, Washington. Their work as architects, carpenters, builders, and general contractors encompasses the design and construction of residential, commercial, and public art projects. Anderson Anderson: Architecture and Construction delves into the process of construction as a source of creative imagination and discovery–from the hands-on material process of making things, to the lessons learned from large-scale projects, to the development of new construction technologies.
Poems for Architects
By: Jill Stoner, Ed.
San Francisco: William Stout Publishers (2001)
This unusual anthology of twentieth century poetry is arranged into sections of poems that address issues of domesticity, urbanism, formal concepts and form itself. Each section is introduced with a provocative essay by Stoner, an associate Professer of Architecture at UC Berkeley, that develops the argument for the relevance of poetry to architecture today. Twenty-nine varied authors such as Mark Strand, Wallace Stevens, Eavan Boland, Adrienne Rich, and Rita Dove help to illustrate the point.
Hybrid Urbanism: On the Identity Discourse and the Built Environment
By: Nezar AlSayyad
Praeger Publishers (2001)
Despite strong forces toward globalization, much of late 20th century urbanism demonstrates a movement toward cultural differentiation. Such factors as ethnicity and religious and cultural heritages have led to the concept of hybridity as a shaper of identity. Challenging the common assumption that hybrid peoples create hybrid places and hybrid places house hybrid people, this book suggests that hybrid environments do not always accommodate pluralistic tendencies or multicultural practices. In contrast to the standard position that hybrid space results from the merger of two cultures, the book introduces the concept of a “third place” and argues for a more sophisticated understanding of the principal.
City of Walls: Crime, Segregation, and Citizenship in São Paulo
By: Teresa Caldeira
University of California Press (2001)
Teresa Caldeira's pioneering study of fear, crime, and segregation in São Paulo poses essential questions about citizenship and urban change in contemporary democratic societies. Focusing on São Paulo, and using comparative data on Los Angeles, she identifies new patterns of segregation developing in these cities and suggests that these patterns are appearing in many metropolises.
The Place of Houses
By: Charles Moore, Gerald Allen, and Donlyn Lyndon
University of California Press (2001)
Richly illustrated with houses large and small, old and new, with photographs, plans, and cutaway drawings, this is a book for people who want a house but who may not know what they really need, or what they have a right to expect.
The authors establish the basis for good building by examining houses in the small Massachusetts town of Edgartown; in Santa Barbara, California, where a commitment was made to re-create an imaginary Spanish past; and in Sea Ranch, on the northern California coast, where the authors attempt to create a community. These examples demonstrate how individual houses can express the care, energies, and dreams of the people who live in them, and can contribute to a larger sense of place.
Informal Transport in the Developing World
By: Robert Cervero
United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (2000)
This publication is the result of a study commissioned by UNCHS (Habitat) to review the market, organizational and regulatory characteristics of the informal transport sector throughout the world with an eye toward identifying promising enabling and remedial strategies. Part One provides a global portrait of informal transport services by commencing with an overview of the sector, defining its major traits and addressing core policy issues that surround it. Part Two reviews the challenges posed in rationalizing and upgrading informal transport services in Southeast Asia’s three largest metropolises - Bangkok, Manila and Jakarta. Part Three reviews the evolution of this sector in three other settings: Kingston (Jamaica), Rio de Janeiro and, Sao Paulo (Brazil) and several African countries, including Nigeria, Kenya and South Africa. The concluding Part of the report advances a normative framework for rationalizing and enhancing informal transport services worldwide. It concludes with a summary of core lessons and findings, a near-term action agenda and ideas for future follow-up research.